Freckles are as unique as your fingerprints. While not everyone is born with freckles, some may develop them as time moves forward. Be it hereditary or a way of your skin responding to UV radiation damage, having freckles on your body can be as big a debate as loving Vegemite. Some like it, and some don’t. UV radiation causes your skin cells responsible for colour and pigmentation (scientifically known as the melanocytes which produce melanin) to group in one spot and remain. The aesthetic result is a light brown, brown, or dark brown freckles that is flat and smooth to the touch. In fact, freckles are your body’s way to protect your skin from ultraviolet sun rays. They do not hurt, nor are they harmful. The only hurt they can cause is emotional and mental. Depending on how many you have, and where they are on your body, being self-conscious about it is a common feeling that is experienced by many. With some freckles extending to the entire face or arm coverage, many who are afflicted by such severe cases seek out remedies and treatments to remove them. Are you more likely to get freckles? Freckles are typically hereditary and are commonly seen in those with fair skin and red hair. People with light eye colours and blond or light brown hair have also been indicated to be susceptible to developing them. Although the majority of people who have freckles have fair skin, it’s a fact that anyone can get them. Fair skinned people genetically do not produce as much melanin as those with darker skin. This results in their melanocytes producing more melanin when exposed to the sun as a counter to the deficit. The different types of freckles There are two main variations. The first being typically seen in older skin, and is often referred to as liver or age spots. The second is referred to as ephelis, which is caused by exposure to the sun. Will freckles go away on their own? It is essential to understand that every person is different and that every body reacts differently as a result. Some freckles are here to stay, while others may be more obvious during summer but fade during winter. Hereditary freckles may go away on their own as you get older. However, freckles that are caused by ultraviolet rays tend to increase with age. How to remove freckles The best approach to trying to get rid of freckles is by using sunscreen. By shading your skin from the sun, it will help fade freckles that can go away. If natural remedies do not work in getting rid of them, you will have to engage in treatments such as laser removal for more effectiveness. If you are interested in something stronger, you can also consider a chemical peel. This uses a chemical solution to exfoliate and peel off areas of damaged skin. To remove freckles, a moderate skin peel containing glycolic acid or trichloroacetic acid penetrates the skin’s middle layers. Once damaged skin is removed, new skin is generated. moderate skin peels take up to two weeks to heal. You’ll need to soak your skin daily and apply topical ointment. You’ll also need to take a prescription antiviral for up to two weeks, and avoid the sun until your skin has healed. If you are self-conscious about the ways your freckles look, it is best to consult with a professional dermatologist who can advise you on the best steps to take. From learning more about laser treatment to remove your freckles painlessly to other non-invasive procedures, a skin expert will be able to help you understand your situation better and more accurately.